Khan Shaheed Abdul Samad Khan was born on July 7, 1907 in Anayatullah Karez. He had a brother Abdul Salam and two sisters. Khan Shaheed's father name was Noor Mohammad Khan. Barkhurdar Khan, the great grandfather of Shaheed Khan, accompanied Ahmad Shah Baba as general in the famous historic battle of Panipat.
Abdullah Khan Achakzai, the cousin of Barkhurdar Khan began and led the first Afghan uprising against the British in Afghanistan in 1841.
The father of Khan Shaheed, Noor Mohammad and other members of his family fought against the British Raj, in the second Anglo-Afghan war, and they defeated the British army at Maiwand.
Shaheed Khan, began his early education in his home by his father at the age of five years. Khan learned Arabic, Persian and studied logic, Haddad, Tafsir of the Quran and the books of Imam Ghazali at the age of seven years. Khan's father died when he was years in the age of eleven, and his uncle (Mama) Muhammad Ali took over the guardianship.
In 1919, Khan Shaheed, at the age of 13 years, and his education was in the 3rd Class of middle school of Gulistan approved. Khan was granted one scholarship in the fourth Class when he was the best in the entire province. Khan earned his living with a small shop where he dried fruits sold. He wrote a book on the importance of the "jirga", as a student in the 8th Class. In the year 1929, Khan Shaheed was first arrested and detained for 28 days by the police. In 1929, Khan Abdul and Samad Khan Shaheed went to Lahore, where he participated in the annual session of Congress and by other political parties. Khan Shaheed began his political sermons from his village from mosque. The British government arrested him in 1930. Later they invited him to the Pro-British Jirga for 2 years and sent him to prison, where he first met and Yousaf Ali Magsi. Khan Shaheed was seen with Gandhi in the first Round Table in 1930 and remained his guest for 15 days. Bacha Khan and Khan Shaheed met for the first time, in the first round table conference and spent many days together.
In 1932 came the Balochs and the Pashtuns to a joint session, under the name "Balochistan conference" and Khan Shaheed had a seat. Because of the constant struggle of Khan Baba and his colleagues, the press law adopted in 1936 . Khan Shaheed has with financial and moral support of his friends, Aziz Electric Press in Prince Street was founded. 1938, Khan Shaheed, the first journalist and political leader in the province and brought the daily newspaper "The Isteglal" out. "The Isteglal" was used both in Pashto, as published in Urdu.
In the editorial of Isteglal were, Muhammad Ayub Khan Achakzai, Mir Abdul Aziz Kurd, Mir Atta Muhammad, Marghzani, I Shahbaz Khan Sherwani, Muhammad Hussain Anqa, Muhammad Hussain Nizami and Muhammad Naseem Talvee while Qadoos Bathai was the first Assistant Editor. The first Baloch Pashtun political party was in the name of establishing "Anjuman-e-Watan" and Shaheed Khan was its first chairman. 1939, the Anjuman-i-Watan Party, to cooperate with the government of British ben Hind ended when the second World War II was initiated. In 1942 Anjuman-i-Watan supported the Congress for the "Quit India" movement against the British. Anjuman-i-Watan joined the Congress in 1942 in the Karachi session, and they would fight for the definition of autonomous, based on the voice vote based provinces. Anjuman-i-Watan and the Khudai-Khidmatgar and other Pashtun leaders led the "Great National Jirga" in 1947 in Bannu, demanding an independent state for the Pashtuns, called Pashtunistan. After the creation of Pakistan in 1947, Khan Shaheed and Bacha Khan were immediately arrested. 1950 the government banned the daily newspaper "The Isteqlal".
Kamal Khan Sherani was the main editor, Dr Khudaidad while the editor of the monthly "One Unit (Pashto)" was. "One Unit" was formed in 1954, and it was controlled from Lahore. Abdul Jabbar Khan (Dr. Khan Saab) was the first chief minister of "One unit". 1954, Khan Shaheed, a new political party, the "Waroor Pashtoon." In the historic city of Lahore court, he again called for the unity and independence of the province Pashtunistan. 1956, Khan Shaheed and all other oppressed nations of their leader, a party with the name "National Party". The "National Party" was created from the merger of the following parties:
Waroor Pashtoon Khan Abdul Samad Khan Shaheed.
Khuda-i-Khidmatgar of Bacha Khan,
Sindh Hari Party of Haider Bakhsh Jatoi
Sindh Awami party by JM Syed
Azad Pakistan Party of Mian Iftikhar-u-Din of Punjab
The Awami League of Maulana Bashani was later merged well with the "National Party", this led to a change in the name of the "National Party" to "Awami National Party."
Khan Abdul Samad Khan was the first political victim of the Ayubi martial law, which went to prison. A special military court was in session, which was led by the Ayubi martial law, in which he was sentenced to 14 years in prison. Khan Abdul Samad Khan spent his imprisonment in different jails of the country, such as Hari Pur, Much and Lahore. During the captivity shaheeds Khan told the National Awami Party in two groups, due to political differences. In the NAP (Wali Khan Group) and Moulana Bashani Group. 1969 called the IDAC (Itehad Democration Action Committee) to a meeting, the NAP (Wali Khan Group) did not suggest anything and asked not a single province of Chatral to Bolan. Then appointed Ayub Khan, a conference on the round table and freed all political prisoners, among whom was leader Khan Abdul Samad Khan Shaheed and Sheikh Mujeeb-u-Rehman were. Shaheed Khan was the only Pashtun leader who campaigned for a division and for the decision of the NAP and IDAC. In July 1970 the Pakhtoonkwa National Awami Party was founded. In December 1970, took part in the Pakhtoonkwa National Awami Party in the elections, in which Khan Shaheed won a provincial seat. In 1972, the meeting was held and of Baluchistan Khan Abdul Samad Khan Shaheed directed. 1972 Shaheed Khan was the first opposition leader of the Baluchistan conference. On 2 December 1973 in the midnight, two grenades Abdul Samad Khan Achakzai on cast, which meant that he succumbed to injuries in hospital. Khan Shaheed was killed at home in the Jamal Din Afghani Road Quetta. Khan Shaheed translated many books during his life in the language of Pashto. For example, the Tarjam-I-Quran by Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad, Gulistan-e-Saadi by Sheikh Saadi, "The Future of Freedom" by Dotson Carto and Seerat ul Nabi of Shubli Numani. Similarly, Shaheed Khan created a simplified alphabet of the Pashto, which is called "Pashto Daood leek" and as a dictionary for the language of Pashto.